Plants, Interfaces, and Art
After the introduction of botany, I will give an overview how plants are used for visualizing data, sensing interactions, enhancing communication between humans, and some other art oriented approaches. Each chapter references to a theoretical background and its practical implementations. The introduced projects have their origin in fine arts and in the research field of human computer interaction [Ross2007, SilentDialogue2008, Ars2010, HaLai2013, Ars2014].
The chapter “Visualizing techniques with plants” investigates how plants are utilized for data sculptures in public and private environments. Furthermore, the analysis reveals which kind of data can be visualized and which characteristics the plant holds.
In an interactive context, the first chapter explores the plant’s possibilities of an actuator. The second chapter “Biosensing for Human Computer Interactions“ examines plants as a sensor. The research results offer a collection of available interactions related to human computer interaction. The technical implementations are described in more detail and connected to their possible interactions.
The chapter “Locomotion applied to plants” explores how artist and designer overcome the plant inability of locomotion. Their results enhance communication between humans and machines.
Communication between humans is the main topic of the chapter “Digital Network and Community Design with plants”. It describes how garden communities and other network structures can be extended through the help of plants. Biosensing and plant displays are some of the used tools in the mentioned projects.
The chapter “Experimental expressions with relations to plants” provides an insight how plants inspire other technology disciplines. Projects of wearable technology, computer vision technology, robot technology and biotechnology are introduced and present suggestions beyond classical Human Plant Interfaces.
[Ross2007] Ross, Philip (2007). BioTechnique. Exhibition catalogue, Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, 2007.
[SilentDialogue2008] Dogane, Yuji; Dunn, David David Dunn (2008). Silent Dialogue. Exhibition catalogue, NTT Publishing, 2008.
[Ars2010] Stocker, Gerfried; Schöpf, Christine (2009). Ars Electronica 2009 – Human Nature. Exhibition catalogue, Hatje Cantz, 2010.
[HaLai2013] Haapoja, Terike; Laitinen, Antti (2013). Falling Trees. Exhibition catalogue, 55 International Art Exhibition La Biennale di Venezia, 2013.
[Ars2014] Leopoldseder, Hannes; Schöpf, Christine; Stocker, Gerfried (2013). Ars Electronica 2013 - Total Recall: The Evolution of Memory. Exhibition catalogue, Hatje Cantz, 2014.